Aeneas of Gaza : Theophrastus with Zacharias of Mytilene, by Donald Russell, John Dillon, Sebastian Gertz

By Donald Russell, John Dillon, Sebastian Gertz

50 years earlier than Philoponus, Christians from Gaza, trying to impact Alexandrian Christians, defended the Christian trust in resurrection and the finite period of the realm, and attacked rival Neoplatonist perspectives. Aeneas addresses an strange model of the foodstuff chain argument opposed to resurrection, that bodies gets eaten by way of different creatures. Zacharias assaults the Platonist examples of synchronous construction, that have been the creation of sunshine, of shadow, and of a footprint within the sand. a fraction survives of a 3rd Gazan contribution via Procopius. Zacharias lampoons the Neoplatonist professor in Alexandria, Ammonius, and claims a number one function within the insurrection which resulted in the cleverest Neoplatonist, Damascius, fleeing to Athens. It was once purely Philoponus, in spite of the fact that, who used to be in a position to embarrass the Neoplatonists by means of arguing opposed to them all alone terms.

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84. 6, 25-39. 85. Sorabji, Time, Creation and the Continuum, pp. 21, 8-19. 86. I am grateful to Dirk Baltzly, who showed me the passages I cite here, and to Carlos Steel and Jan Opsomer, who drew my attention to other passages. 87. Proclus Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus, vol. 1, 371,9ff. Diehl. 88. Ibid. 414,27-415,3. 89. Ibid. 412,2-7. 90. I have described the infinity arguments in my Time, Creation and the Continuum, London, 1983, ch. 14, reprinted Chicago University Press, 2006. I have added references to better understandings of infinity that may have been achieved by Archimedes (c.

87 Even the lion is noble, though he should attack in accord with the principle of the irrational life; for there is nothing better for him than irrationality, and so he is free from responsibility for whatever it is that he should do contrary to reason. Man is a thing of moral weight and grace, whenever he is man, ascending to the good and to the wisdom of the good, but he also desires physical sustenance and is perceptive of what causes him pain. For with respect to both aspects he is a man: a good mind, making use of an irrational body, but endowed with autonomy (autokratôr),88 migrates up and down under its own power, choosing one thing rather than another; for this is the power of human choice.

Are we to suppose that Odysseus accompanies an ant, for both are household managers61 and are able to undertake many labours, or will Hector be bound to a wasp, for both have gleaming helmets62 and are war-like, or Cleon be linked to a frog, for both croak often, or that a fly should attach itself to Hyperbolus, for shamelessness is the hallmark of each of them? And the ant, wasp, frog, or fly would thus latently be a double entity. For it is not without body that Odysseus or anyone else follows along with them, if indeed he does so.

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