Advanced Materials for Membrane Separations by Ingo Pinnau and Benny D. Freeman (Eds.)

By Ingo Pinnau and Benny D. Freeman (Eds.)

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1993, 32, 2208-2212. 26. Staudt-Bickel, C ; Koros, W. J. J. Membrane Sci. 2000, 170, 205-214. 27. Okamoto, K . - I . ; Kusuki, Y . Ind Eng. Chem. Res. 1999, 38, 4424-4432. 28. ; DaCosta, A . ; Amo, K . ; Daniels, R. S. Patent 6,361,583,2002. 29. ; Toy, L . ; Casillas, C. S. Patent 5,670,051, 1997. 30. Stettbacher, A . Nitrocellulose 1940, 11, 227-229. 31. ; Okamoto, K . J. Membrane Sci. 1996, 121, 197-207. 32. Merkel, T. ; Freeman, B . D . Macromolecules 1999, 32, 370-374. 33. ; Freeman, B . Desalination 2002, 144, 79-83.

J. Membrane Sci. 1991, 62, 165-185. 13. Freeman, B . D . Macromolecules 1999, 32, 375-380. 14. Alentiev, A . ; Yampolskii, Y . P. J. Membrane Sci. 2000, 165, 201-216. 15. Ismail, A . ; David, L . I. B . J. Membrane Sci. 2001, 193, 1-18. 16. ; Schäfer, R. Microporous & Mesoporous Mat. 2000, 38, 3-24. 17. Lin, Y . ; Nair, B . ; Alsyouri, H . Sep. Purif. Methods 2002, 31, 229-379. 18. Shelekhin, A . ; Dixon, A . ; Ma, Y . H . AIChEJ. 1995, 41, 58-67. 19. ; Koros, W. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2000, 39, 2692-2696.

The present chapter is an extension of a detailed thermodynamic analysis of gas sorption in liquid dodecane, linear poly(ethylene), polyvinyl chloride), and polyvinyl alcohol) published recently (5). In this chapter, the thermodynamic theory described in reference (3) is extended further to illustrate that the enthalpy and entropy changes of an important molecular process in gas sorption, the creation of molecular sized cavity in the polymer fluid, exactly cancel out in the free enthalpy change of gas sorption.

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