By Michael Herzfeld
Michael Herzfeld describes what occurs whilst a forms charged with historical conservation clashes with a neighborhood population adversarial to the country and suspicious of tourism. targeting the Cretan city of Rethemnos, as soon as a middle of studying below Venetian rule and later inhabited through the Turks, he examines significant questions confronting conservators and voters as they negotiate the "ownership" of historical past: Who defines the prior? To whom does the earlier belong? what's "traditional" and the way is that this decided? Exploring the meanings of the equipped atmosphere for Rethemnos's population, Herzfeld unearths that their curiosity in it has extra to do with own histories and the instant social context than with the formal heritage that draws the conservators. He additionally investigates the population' social practices from the standpoints of family and family members staff, political organization, local, gender ideology, and the consequences of those on attitudes towards domestic possession. within the face of modernity, the place culture is an item of either reverence and commercialism, Rethemnos emerges as a big ethnographic window onto the ambiguous cultural fortunes of Greece.
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Additional resources for A Place in History: Social and Monumental Time in a Cretan Town (Princeton Studies in Culture, Power, History)
With the Turk- 20 CHAPTER ONE ish defeat of the Greek armies in 1 922, however, the irredentist vision evaporated in ignominy and recrimination ( see Llewellyn Smith 1 973 ) , and the Treaty o f Lausanne ( 1 923 ) sent a flood o f refugees from Asia Minor into Greece . Rethemnos, a poor and confined space now in com mercial decline, was not attractive to the more ambitious and entrepre neurial of the newcomers, and many of them stayed only briefly. From the beginning of the century to the 1 92 8 census, the population dropped by nearly 3 ,000.
The common language seems usu ally to have been Greek. The notaries were of both faiths ; one Muslim, a certain Pertiv Dhervisakis ( "son of the Dervish "), was especially active in sales involv ing his coreligionists . " Veiling supposedly impeded identification . In a late nineteenth-century photograph of a young urban Muslim woman, however, we see only a gauzy partial drape, which suggests that she did not literally have to hide her identity even before a Christian male (who happened to be the French consul general) .
1 . 1. Map of Crete Libyan Sea RETHEMNOS N w -- • s 1 00 0 meters Fig. 1 . 2. Outline Map of Rethemnos 24 CHAPTER ONE pological imagination : the wild and the tame, the rural and the urban. But the municipal order that I found inscribed everywhere affected my own perceptions even as I became fascinated with the marks of a compet ing disorder: the roughly incised plaster patched up and covered with un related serendipities of electrical wiring, the informality with which one made the acquaintance of local musicians and shopkeepers.