A History of Nigeria by Toyin Falola, Matthew M. Heaton

By Toyin Falola, Matthew M. Heaton

Nigeria is Africa's so much populous state and the world's 8th greatest oil manufacturer, yet its luck has been undermined in fresh many years by means of ethnic and non secular clash, political instability, rampant legitimate corruption and an sick economic climate. Toyin Falola, a number one historian in detail conversant in the sector, and Matthew Heaton, who has labored widely on African technology and tradition, mix their services to give an explanation for the context to Nigeria's contemporary issues via an exploration of its pre-colonial and colonial prior, and its trip from independence to statehood. via studying key subject matters corresponding to colonialism, faith, slavery, nationalism and the economic climate, the authors convey how Nigeria's historical past has been swayed by way of the vicissitudes of the area round it, and the way Nigerians have tailored to satisfy those demanding situations. This publication deals a distinct portrayal of a resilient humans residing in a rustic with substantial, yet unrealized, strength.

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The majority of Nigeria’s population is rural, although urbanization is occurring at a rapid pace. 7 percent lived in rural areas. Many of Nigeria’s cities are becoming large and overcrowded. 5 Lagos is the largest cty in west Africa, and based on current growth rates it will soon be among the most populous cities in the world. Other major urban centers in Nigeria include Ibadan, Benin City, Onitsha, Ilorin, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Abuja, Jos, Kaduna, Yola, Sokoto, and Maiduguri. Agriculture remains the way of life in rural areas, where communities remain largely homogeneous, while, in urban areas, lifestyles and economic activities are more heterogeneous.

Economy and infrastructure Nigerian communities have had long-standing inter- and intranational commercial networks dating back to well before the creation of the country in 1914. The river systems served as major avenues of trade throughout the region, but beyond this there were many major roads connecting villages, towns, and regions dating back many centuries. In the northern savannas, people traded goods across the Sahara desert to north Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. The trans-Saharan trade trickled to a halt in the twentieth century with the advent of British colonial rule.

These European-educated elites enjoyed a higher standard of living than most Nigerians, but they also found that their ability to rise to the level of their capabilities was obstructed by the racist ideology of colonial rule, which viewed Africans as culturally and intellectually inferior to Europeans. It was these European-educated elites that began to organize to pressure the colonial government for greater representation for Nigerians in their own governance and for an eventual end to colonial rule in Nigeria.

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