By Sara Ahbel-Rappe, Rachana Kamtekar
This spouse explores the profound impression of Socrates at the background of Western philosophy and gives an in-depth dialogue of some of the ways to his philosophy.
Written via a good foreign staff of students, the amount covers the total variety of Socratic reviews from the traditional international to the current day. The participants assessment Socrates’ existence and key philosophical doctrines linked to him; they learn Socrates’ position within the higher philosophical traditions of the Hellenistic global, the Roman Empire, the Arabic global, the Renaissance, and modern Europe; and so they ponder interdisciplinary matters reminiscent of Socrates and Nietzsche, Socrates and psychoanalysis, and representations of Socrates in paintings.
This targeted spouse may also help readers to appreciate the which means and value of Socrates around the a while.
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Extra info for A companion to Socrates
10 It is probably unwise to be too narrow or legalistic, however, for juries could be swayed by innuendo and fallacious argument, swept along by powerful orations. Besides, the king-archon’s acceptance of the case is prima facie evidence that there was a case to be made. ” Yet his action would not have been without risk: to discourage frivolous suits, Athenian law imposed a heavy fine on plaintiffs who failed to obtain at least one-fifth of the jury’s votes, as Socrates points out (Apology 36a7–b2).
The single case Socrates mentions explicitly in Apology is Aristophanes’ Clouds (produced in 423, revised in 418). As clear as it is with hindsight that the character Socrates who introduces new gods, denies the old ones, and corrupts the young in the play is a composite of several different sophists, natural scientists, and philosophers (Dover 1968), the jury made no subtle distinctions. Besides, Aristophanes had made fresh attacks in Birds (in 414) and Frogs (in 405), both times emphasizing that the city’s young men imitated Socrates.
Bloch, E. (2002). Hemlock poisoning and the death of Socrates: Did Plato tell the truth? In Thomas C. Brickhouse and Nicholas D. ), The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies (pp. 255–78). New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. Identifies Conium maculatum as the specific hemlock poison that produces the exact symptoms described by Plato in Phaedo. Blondell, R. (2002). The Play of Character in Plato’s Dialogues. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Provides a deeply moving treatment of the dramatic elements of the Theaetetus, and especially the digression, in chapter 5.