By Donald B. Freeman
In an insightful new examine, Donald Freeman examines the improvement and importance of city agriculture in Nairobi, Kenya, overturning a few universal assumptions concerning the population and economic system of African towns. He addresses the ways that city agriculture suits right into a broader photo of Kenyan social and fiscal improvement and discusses the results of his findings for improvement idea regularly. Freeman starts through exploring the context of city agriculture, tracing its improvement within the colonial and post-colonial urban. He then offers a close description of city farmers, their land use practices, and their plants. Freeman accrued this wealthy physique of knowledge via on-site surveys of 618 small-scale cultivators in ten varied elements of Nairobi. He concludes by means of contemplating the results of the burgeoning perform of city agriculture for the cultivators themselves, for the town, and for the constructing financial system of Kenya. even though the empirical paintings is concentrated on Nairobi and its casual region, the scope and implications of the research are broader and the conclusions proper to different elements of the 3rd international. "Urban" efficient actions within the 3rd global, Freeman indicates, desire redefining to take account of easy meals creation within the urban and its interrelationships with different casual and formal sectors. A urban of Farmers will curiosity not just fiscal geographers and scholars and students of improvement experiences and African historical past yet a person curious about fiscal and social stipulations within the 3rd international.
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Extra info for A City of Farmers: Informal Urban Agriculture in the Open Spaces of Nairobi, Kenya
Being mostly single males, or at any rate not living with their families, they did not have children in their living quarters, and thus there was no danger of these putatively highly infective individuals being brought into close contact with Europeans. This may also explain the reluctance of colonial authorities to permit African women any sort of residence in the urban centres, whether permanent or temporary. Women, sooner or later, produce children, and these were not wanted in the city. Supplying such far-flung, low-density residences with an adequate supply of safe water was an enormous expense for a small colonial city, located in an area prone to droughts and with an annual mean evaporation rate of 193 centimetres a year.
Beavon and Rogerson (in Drakakis-Smith, ed. 1986, 205-6) point out that "In peripheral capitalist societies throughout Africa, Asia and Latin America ... , 212). Sporrek (1985) examines food marketing as an aspect of urban growth in Dar es Salaam without broaching the subject of urban agriculture. In his treatment of informal sector food marketing, he does, however, have a brief section dealing with the role of women traders. In contrast to the west African situation in which women, called "market queens" by Gore (1978, 292), dominate produce marketing, food distribution in Dar es Salaam reveals the relatively minor role of women.
Deterioration of Farmland. Along with other countries of tropical Africa (notably neighbouring Ethiopia), Kenya has experienced regionally severe problems of soil erosion and rapid deterioration of the fertility of agricultural lands under a combination of heavy population pressures, inappropriate management practices, and unfavourable farming conditions, including several prolonged droughts. Population pressures have led to the clearing and cultivation of lands that are, by any measure, sub-marginal for crop growing.